Those involved in the R2 development process, and R2 supporters very much believe in the mission of the R2 standard and the positive effect it is having on the industry. Each recycling operation that becomes R2 certified not only sets themselves apart as an industry leader, but they become part of the movement to raise the overall industry standards for operations and material handling.


Here are just a few examples of the important research that demonstrates the need for the R2 standard. Some of this research also highlights the need to facilitate reuse, in the U.S. and abroad, as well as the need to responsibly develop the electronics recycling industry around the globe.

Relevant research demonstrating the need for the R2 Principles

Product or Waste? Importation and End-of-Life Processing of Computers in Peru
By Ramzy Kahhat and Eric Williams, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2009, 43 (15), pp 6010�6016.
A summary of the piece can be found at, http://ewasteguide.info/e-waste-reuse-may-be link to the abstract can be found at, http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es8035835?prevSearch=ramzy%2Bkahhat&searchHistoryKey=.

Forecasting Global Generation of Obsolete Personal Computers
By Jinglei Yu, Eric Williams, Meiting Ju and Yan Yang, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2010, 44 (9), pp 3232�3237.
A link to the abstract can be found at, http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es903350q.
A summary can be found at, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100322073534.htm.

Mapping International Flows of Electronic Waste
By Josh Lepawsky and Chris McNabb, The Canadian Geographer, 2009.  http://www.geog.unt.edu/lyons/GEOG%205130/Seminar%20in%20Industrial%20Ecology/E%20Waste/Lepawsky%20E-Waste%20CG%202010.pdf.